View Weekly Course Schedule |
View Course Resources.
View Project 1 requirements.
View Project 2 requirements.
View Project 3 requirements.
View Project 4 requirements.
View Project 5 requirements.
View Project 6 requirements.
View Project 7 requirements.
View Project 8 requirements.
View Project 9 requirements.
View Project 10 requirements.
Other interesting links: |
Visit the Tampa-St. Pete Linux User's Group (SLUG). This group holds monthly meetings. See also the Pinellas Unix People (PUP) group.
Most Unix and Linux software is actually GNU software (www.gnu.org), a project of the Free Software Foundation. Search for RPMs and download updates from RPMFind.net.
A lot of Linux software can be found at www.FreshMeat.net. You can get involved with open-source software at sourceforge.net. You can download free distributions of Unix and Linux from distrowatch.com.
Download the PuTTY suite of Internet tools: SSH, scp, sFTP, and others, from www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty. Download the WinSCP GUI wrapper for the PuTTY scp and sFTP tools from sourceforge.net/projects/winscp/.
Read the real History of Unix, by one of its inventors.
Visit www.unix.org for the Open Group's Unix site, including the Single Unix Specification.
View Solaris certification FAQ and Oracle's Solaris Certification information, including Sun Certified System Administrator (SCSA) exam objectives part 1 and part2.
View Linux Professional Institute (LPI) certification and View LPIC-1 exam objectives.
View Ubuntu certification and Ubuntu Certified Professional (UCP) exam objectives.
View Red Hat certification and Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) exam objectives.
View Novell Linux certification and Novell Certified Linux Administrator (CLA) exam objectives.
|Time & Place:||Ref No. 37292: Monday, Wednesday, 5:30 – 6:45 PM, Dale Mabry Room DTEC–461|
Name: Wayne Pollock|
Office & Phone: DTEC–404, 253–7213
DM Office Hours: Monday–Thursday, 3:55–5:25 & 8:30–9:00;
On-line Office Hours: Tuesday–Friday, 12:00 PM (noon)–1:00 PM; or by appointment.
Essential System Administration,
3rd Edition. ©2002 O'Reilly & Associates.
Optional: Hahn, Harley, Harley Hahn's Guide to Unix and Linux, ©2009 Harley Hahn, Pub. by McGraw-Hill. ISBN # 978-0-07-313361-4.
|Description:||(This course is 3 credit hours long.) This course is a continuation of CTS 1106 (Introduction to Unix). The focus is hands-on Linux system administration. Topics include system administration concepts, system installation and configuration. Additional topics include understanding the Unix filesystem, configuring basic system hardware and services, managing user accounts, basic system security, and backups. Major Unix variants will also be covered. This course continues with CTS 2322 (Unix/Linux Administration II).|
|Objectives:|| The student will demonstrate a knowledge of the following
topics through objective tests, hands-on activities,
|Prerequisite:||CTS 1106, or Permission of the Instructor. Students enrolled in a degree or college credit certificate program must complete all prerequisites. Note! HCC registration computers may not check for prerequisites before allowing you to enroll. Be certain you have all required prerequisites or you won't have much of a chance of success. Also, you may be dropped from the class.|
|Facilities:|| Assignments can be performed on the Dale Mabry campus Linux
computers, which can be accessed from the classroom, or from some
computers in the last row of the DM open computer
Each student will be assigned their own disk drive to work on.
If you phone the lab early on the day when you plan on working on
your drive, the lab techs will have your drive ready.
A class “wiki” has been set up for your use, at YborStudent.hccfl.edu/UnixWiki/. To add or modify any content you must create a login for yourself. Use an account name that clearly indicates your real name; avoid account names such as “The Linuxator”. You can use this wiki to hold discussions, ask questions, and contribute information to the collaborative study guide. You can create your personal page(s) to hold your system journal or class notes. (All content on the wiki, including personal user pages, are publicly readable.)
You will need your own flash disk, writing materials, and three Scantron 882–E or 882–ES forms. You can use HawkNet (WebAdvisor) or Florida Virtual Campus (Formerly FACTS.org) to obtain your final grade for the course. You can use your assigned Hawkmail (Campus Cruiser) email address if you wish to discuss your grades via email. (Note, it is possible to setup your Hawkmail account to forward all received emails to some outside email account; but you still must send mail from Hawkmail to discuss grades.)
Most college systems now use (or will in the future) a single sign-on user ID, known as HCC “NetID”. Visit netid.hccfl.edu to register and to update your credentials. (Your initial password is your uppercase first name initial, lowercase last name initial, and your seven digit student ID number.) Note the quickest way to resolve login issues is the HCC Live Web Portal (hcclive.hccfl.edu).
Hawk Alert text messaging service allows you to receive important information regarding campus closures or emergencies. You may also sign up for financial aid notifications and registration and payment deadlines. This is a free service, although some fees may be applied by your cellular service provider or plan for text messages. To sign up, or for more information, visit www.hccfl.edu/alerts/.
The open lab phone number is: 253-7207.
A=90-100, B=80-89, C=70-79, D=65-69,
(Collaborating on the class wiki counts as up to 5 points extra credit, as does active class participation. See below for details.)
Projects will be assigned from the class web page at various times.
You will have sufficient time to complete the projects,
at least a week but usually two weeks.
Although there may be in-class group exercises, you must work
individually on projects, typically outside of regular class hours,
except when a project is designated as a group project.
(Currently, all projects are designated group projects.)
You may work together in small (two to four people) groups on group projects,
provided the names of all who worked together are listed.
Each student must still submit their own copy of the assignment.
Projects in system administration require you to have root (administrator) access to you own computer. The computers in the classroom have removable hard disks, and you have complete control over that disk. Unfortunately this means you must work on projects at HCC. If the classroom is in use, you can request to have your hard disk put into one of the identical computers in the back row of the open lab. You will probably want to phone the lab in advance, to check of the classroom is available, and to set your disk aside (so it can be put into one of the open lab computers) if the room will be busy.
(You can, of course, install the same system on your own computer, and practice the projects there. Then it shouldn't take long at all to repeat the steps on your assigned hard disk at HCC.)
Projects are graded on the following scale:
A = 95% (Excellent: Good design with good comments, style, and extras)
Minor extras worth +5 points, minor omissions or poor design worth -5.
Projects are not graded when turned in. They are graded all at once, sometime after the project deadline has passed (usually the following weekend). Every effort will be make to grade projects within a week of the due date, or as soon thereafter as possible. (See also submitting assignments below.)
Extra credit can be earned by updating the study guide on the
with a substantial contribution based on the material covered
in class, from assigned readings, or from other resources you
A substantial contribution means adding new material,
adding references (links), or elaborating (or correcting) some
You should use
wiki formatting and not HTML formatting when
possible, and be sure to spell-check your work.
The wiki will automatically send your instructor an email for each
update, so there is no need to add your name to your contribution.
However, you must ensure you use an account name that reflects your
real name, or the instructor won't know who did what.
Your instructor is the editor and moderator of this study guide (and for all material posted on this wiki site). While some time will be given for students to correct postings, in order to ensure an accurate study guide the instructor may edit, add to, or remove material posted by students.
The wiki assignment will be graded on or after the following week (so you have through the weekend to post something for the previous week). Your contributions will be graded based on correctness, completeness, and clarity. Note regular posting is required to earn extra credit; one large post the last week of the term will not earn much (or any) extra credit.
Projects should be submitted by email to
Please use a subject such as “Unix/Linux Admin I Project #1
Submission” so I can tell which emails are submitted work.
Send only one assignment per email message.
Email your projects by copy-and-paste into your mail program.
Please do not use email attachments, except
when noted in the assignment directions.
If possible, use the “text” and not the
“HTML” mode of your email program.
Do not send any email to
In the event a student submits more than once for the same assignment, I will ignore all but the last one received up to the deadline. Assignments submitted after the deadline will not count toward your grade except as allowed by the course late policy.
The HCC email server automatically accepts and
silently discards email with certain types of attachments.
If you must send email to my Internet (non-YborStudent) email
account please avoid using any attachments, but especially
To send email with a “
To avoid having your submitted work rejected as “spam”, you can use CampusCruiser to send email to professors. (This doesn't always work either!)
If you have an email problem you may turn in a printout instead. Be sure your name is clearly written on the top of any pages turned in. Please staple multiple pages together (at the upper left).
Always keep a backup copy of your submitted projects, until you are certain they have been received and graded correctly.
|HCC Academic Calendar:|
|Classes Begin:||Monday 1/7/2013 (First class meeting: Monday 1/7/2013)|
|Add-Drop Ends:||Friday 1/11/2013|
|Last Day to Withdraw:||Wednesday 3/20/2013|
|Classes End:||Monday 5/6/2013 (Last regularly scheduled day of class: Monday 5/6/2013)|
|Grades Available:||Wednesday 5/8/2013 (from Florida Virtual Campus (Formerly FACTS.org) or HawkNet)|
|HCC is closed on:||
Monday 1/21/2013 (Martin Luther King Jr. Day), |
Monday 2/18/2013 (Presidents' Day),
Monday–Friday 3/11/2013–3/15/2013 (Mid-Term Break),
Friday 3/29/2013 (Spring Day),
Thursday 4/11/2013 (Faculty In-Service Day)
If, to participate in this course, you require an accommodation due to a physical disability or learning impairment, you must contact the Office of Services to Students with Disabilities, Dale Mabry campus: Student Services Building (DSTU) Room 204, voice phone: (813) 259–6035, TTD: (813) 253–7035, FAX: (813) 253–7336. Brandon campus: voice phone: (813) 253–7914.
HCC has a religious observance policy that accommodates the religious observance, practices, and beliefs of students. Should students need to miss class or postpone examinations and assignments due to religious observances, they must notify their instructor at least one week prior to a religious observance.
Tell me and I'll listen.|
Show me and I'll understand.
Involve me and I'll learn.”
|— Lakota Indian saying|
|“Learning is not a spectator sport!”||— Chickering & Gamson|
|Dates Mon Wed||Topics and Assigned Readings|
Course introduction, syllabus review.
Common SA tasks.
Assign User IDs, discuss passwords.
Basic procedures (removable disks),
HCC network login (using WebAdvisor for passwords, grades).
Open Lab procedures and hours.
Professional societies and certification.
SA Job titles and descriptions, salaries, ethics and politics,
job interviewing tips, and soft skills required.
management overview (ITIL).
Readings Due: Chapters 1, 18 (a.k.a. the afterword, pages 1069–1071), certification links, System Administration Common Tasks, IT management resources, System Administrator's Code of Ethics, and soft skills
Review Computer system (buses and word size, power supply, CPU,
memory, controllers, peripherals, firmware (BIOS), and POST).
Virtual memory (swapping and paging, COW, deduplication, page faults,
page tables and MMU), physical memory (use, zones, caches,
Swap space (uses, how much to allocate).
Keyboard input, networking hardware (NIC) configuration (static, dynamic).
System clock, tickless kernels.
Power-on boot cycle and OS loading.
Readings Due: Chapters 4 (pages 127–130), 15 (pages 978–981)
Boot managers: |
Readings: Chapters 2 (pages 60–66, 68–73), 10 (pages 623–624 and 634–637), 16 (pages 1036–1044), Partitioning, LVM resources
Project #1 (Partitioning) Due 1/16
|1/21||Martin Luther King Jr. Day — HCC Closed|
Pre-install questions to answer, install versus upgrade,
basic DHCP IP network setup, common
installation issues, dual-boot issues.
Post-install tasks, Maintaining site documentation.
Managing storage (including logical volume management).
Disk technology (IDE, SCSI,
ATA, MBR, RAID,
SANS/NAS, RAM disks, SSDs, ...).
Readings: Chapter 4 (pages 130–137), p. 305 (
Project #2 (Install) Due 1/30
Hard disk administration (|
Readings: pages 61–65, 202–221, Chapter 10 (pages 626–634, 637–656, 688–694), 1001–1016.
|2/18||Presidents' Day — HCC Closed|
the X Window GUI:
window managers, virtual desktops,
sticky windows & icons, |
Readings: pages 245–246, 878–884, X window overview, man page for
Project #3 (Hard Disk Admin) Due 2/20
Configuration management, patch management (Solaris).
RPM (and |
Readings: Chapter 3 (pages 115–126), configuration, patch, and package management resources.
Change management, help desk setup (time management,
Administrative policies and procedures. Review disaster recovery plans (will not be covered during class but you are responsible for the reading assigned). Centralization versus decentralization.
Readings: Change Management, Help Desk resources, Disaster Recovery Outline (see also these other, not required DRP readings).
Project #4 (Filesystem Admin) Due 3/4
|3/11 – 3/17||Mid-Term Break — HCC Closed|
Adding RAM, NIC, and disk to
Danger of shock, ESD.
Virtualization (virtual hardware) overview.
Adding and configuring hardware and drivers:
(Not required for this class, but useful to know if we have the time and student interest: Managing and monitoring hardware: UPS, RAM, clock, serial ports, parallel ports, USB ports, NICs (and basic networking setup), sound cards, video cards.)
Readings: pages 65–66, 175, 766–769, 772–777, 784–790, 807–808, 810–813, 180–190, 202–219, Chapter 10 (pages 626–634, 637–656, 688–694). Working with Hardware. Optional: pages 966–968, 978–986, 992–993, 995–1000, 1017–1018
Configuration overview (|
Readings: Chapter 4 (pages 137–179), on-line configuration, network, and init resources
The Sys V init boot process (|
Readings: Chapter 4 (pages 137–179), on-line configuration, network, and init resources
Project #5 (Disaster Recovery Plan) Due 3/25
|Fri 3/29||Spring Day — HCC Closed|
Exam #2 |
Database and SQL basics, configuring MySQL
Readings: Database Basics, Database, MySQL, and PostgreSQL resources
Project #6 (Service Administration) Due 4/10
|Thu 4/11||(Thursday) In-Service Day — HCC Closed|
Printing (local and network via |
Readings: Chapter 13 (pages 814–844, 858–867, 874–884) On-line Printing resources
Project #7 (Database Administration) Due 4/15
Adding, managing, removing users and groups
Readings: Chapter 6 (pages 222–302)
Project #8 (Printer Configuration) Due 4/22
Backups and archives: restore issues, policies, tools, and techniques.
Readings: Chapter 11
Project #9 (User Administration) Due 5/1
Project #10 (Backups) Due 5/6
|System Administrator Tasks||Common tasks required of system administrators||IT Management Overview||Describes IT management and ITIL|
|Human Resource Management for IT||Describes issues for IT management||MIS Links||MIS web resources|
|PMO Overview||Describes Project Management Office (PMO) governance||ITIL||The official ITIL website; see also the companion Best Management Practice website|
|Code of Ethics||System administrator's code of ethics||Soft Skills||A discussion of certifications, job interviewing tips, and required “soft skills”|
|2008–2009 Salary Survey (PDF)||Annual IT salary survey results from www.dice.com||YborStudent System Journal||A snap-shot of the official YborStudent System Journal|
|Fedora 16 System Administrator's Guide||One of several system administration guides available from docs.FedoraProject.org||tldp.org||The Linux Documentation Project: how-tos, guides, and more|
|FreeBSD man pages||Searchable man pages in HTML format for many versions of Unix and Linux||HP-UX system administration manuals||Includes man pages and guides (See also IBM's AIX documentation)|
|Oracle Solaris 11 library||A collection of Solaris man pages, administrator guides, and more (formerly called “docs.sun.com”). See also the migrated content from the old Sun BigAdmin library||Standard International (SI) Units||Defines standard units and prefixes, such as “kilo” and “mega” (See also the ISO/IEC binary standard prefixes for information technology such as “kibi”)|
|RFC number search plugin|| Download this XML file and put it in the
||Unix Standard search plugin|| Download this XML file and put it in the
|Graphic of Computer Hardware||Classic Von Neumann computer hardware architecture diagram from www.infoq.com/presentations/click-crash-course-modern-hardware||www.PurpleMath.com||Good site for basic math and algebra tutorials (something all technology workers need to know)|
|Computer Bus Info||Some information about computer buses||How to destroy old hard disks||A 2-minute YouTube video (Once destroyed, you should dispose or recycle old electronics; for non-commercial users, see your local county solid waste department)|
|Disk Partitioning Guide||Describes when and when not to create disk partitions||Dual Booting||Shows how to set up a dual boot system|
|File Systems||Comparison and Description of many Filesystem types (Wikipedia.org)||Intel Architecture||Shows IA32 (traditional) architecture. See also Intel's P55 architecture|
|RAID information and levels||Describes RAID issues along with Hard Disk Technology, from www.PCGuide.com||PCTechGuide.com||An overview of PC hardware (including disks)|
|Filesystem Hierarchy Standard|| A description of the standard directories on Linux
(See latest draft)
||Pre Install Questions||Questions you need to answer before installing anything, such as capacity planning|
|Storage Technology||Hard disk and related technology||Fedora install video||(Flash version) Screencast of Fedora 16 install on VMware (MP4 version)|
|LVM Guide||Linux Logical Volume Management Guide||Post Install Task List||Lists and briefly describes many post install tasks|
|Dell Support||Lookup System inventories of Dell computers by service tag||fcc.gov ID Search||Look up hardware using FCC-IDs|
|X Window System Overview||How to use and configure the GUI system||Solaris LOM||Documentation for Solaris 11 LOM (lights out management)|
|Configuration, Patch, and Package Management||An overview of configuration management, patch management, and package management (lecture notes)||Infrastructures.org||An collection of automated systems configuration best practices|
|Centralization and Decentralization||A brief overview of Centralized policy and control issues||yum.conf|| A sample
|CheckInstall|| Link to checkInstall homepage, a program that builds
RPM packages by watching builds via
||Patching the Enterprise||Detailed discussion of patch management issues and solutions from ACM Queue Magazine, March 2005 issue|
|alien home|| Link to homepage of
||Understanding Patch Management||An overview of patch management from ACM Queue Magazine, March 2005 issue|
|RPM options||A summary of frequently used rpm command-line tool options|
|Change Management||An overview of change management for system administrators||Help Desk Organization||An overview of help desk setup|
|Help Desk Chat Log||An actual on-line help session, showing best practices in action|
|Hardware Components||Some graphics of various computer hardware components||Hardware Management||Lecture notes on physically managing ESD while adding or removing hardware such as RAM, NICs, and disks, and software concepts of managing hardware (major and minor numbers, udev and devfs, HAL, D-BUS, ...).|
|udev-info||Some notes on Linux udev subsystem for managing devices|
|Sensor Statistics||Some graphics of various hardware probe values, over time||ISA Plug-and-Play||A short how-to on configuring legacy ISA-PnP devices|
|Disaster Recovery||Outlines major issues for disaster recovery policies and procedures (Take this Red Cross quiz and learn how to prepare yourself for disaster)||Disaster Recovery Planning: Preparing For The Unthinkable||by Jon Toigo. Sample chapter posted by InformIT, courtesy of Prentice-Hall PTR (now Pearson Education)|
|www.webmin.com||A GUI administration tool for all Unix and Linux systems||find command tip|| Shows how to use
|StartupScript.txt||Sample startup shell scripts (/etc/init.d/foo) for a foo server||System V init files||From /usr/share/doc/initscripts-7.42.2 on Fedora|
|/etc/inittab|| Sample System V
|Upstart documentation||From the Ubuntu website||Systemd documentation||systemd man pages and system admin tutorials (See also the systemd home and the original systemd home)|
|Solaris SMF quick start guide|| An overview of Solaris 10's service management facility,
the replacement for “
||Solaris 10 Introduction to SMF||A complete description of SMF from the Solaris 10 Administrator's Guide|
|Description of /etc/sysconfig files||Describes the files and options for Red Hat-like systems (e.g., Fedora)||Networking Basics||Reviews the concepts of networking addresses, port numbers, and services|
|modules.conf||Sample /etc/modules.conf file showing some complex features||Changing Kernel Parameters|| shows using
|Unix file permissions||More than you wanted to know about Unix permissions||Octal Number Chart|| Shows how to use octal numbers with
|/etc/sudoers|| A sample
||RBAC||Solaris Role Based Access Control Demo|
|PAM Tutorial||Shows how to configure and use PAM. (See also Solaris 10 PAM Guide||Linux PAM Sys Admin's Guide||Shows how to configure and use PAM|
|sFTP Reference||Guide for using cmd line secure FTP program||Public key encryption||A tutorial on encryption, digital signatures, Internet security, etc.|
|RCS Demo||A sample session using RCS with a shell script|
|Database Basics||Lecture notes on Databases and SQL||PostgreSQL.org||PostgreSQL database website|
|MySQL installation||Directions to install MySQL on Solaris 10||MySQL||MySQL database website (See also MariaDB and Percona)|
|Interactive SQL Tutorial||sqlzoo.net is one of the best SQL tutorials you can find on the Internet||SQL Tutorial||Another SQL tutorial, from w3schools.com|
|About ping|| The real story of the
||www.cisco.com/.../SNMP.htm||A tutorial on SNMP|
|Printing System Overview||Shows how printing works. (See also LinuxPrinting.org.)||Solaris 8 Printing Setup||Shows how to setup a local printer using cmd-line admin tools|
|International Paper Sizes||An overview of ISO-216 paper sizes|
|User Account Policies||A list of questions to ask before creating new user accounts||Group management||Describes Unix group policies and management strategies|
|Deleting user accounts||Procedures, policies, and issues for removing accounts|
|crontab reference||Shows crontab file syntax||at command syntax|| Some
|Regular Expressions||Shows Regular Expression (“regex”) syntax||AWK FAQ||AWK Frequently Asked Questions|
|Anonymous FTP Site Setup||Shows how to setup and configure WU-FTP||Backups and Archives||A tutorial on backup and archive policy, procedures, and tools|
|Shell Scripts (and Other Demos)|
|LDP: Bash scripting guide and reference)||Shows how to write Bash shell scripts. Complete Bash man page||SSC's Bash shell reference card||(Posted here by permission of SSC, Inc.)|
|fancyio||Shows how to write interactive shell scripts||fortune||A fortune cookie script (plus some sample fortunes)|
|nusers||Shows a simple shell script||nusers.1||Sample man page for nusers, using troff/man macros|
|backup-etc.sh||A simple shell script to backup /etc directory||httpd.sh||Apache script for use in rc.d/init.d|
|.bashrc||Some useful bash shell aliases and functions||.bash_profile||A simple Bash login script|
|.procmailrc||A sample .procmailrc that auto-replies and filters spam||find-world-writable||A security script that shows all dangerous world writable files|
|add-users||A complex script used to add users in batches||rmusr||remove user accounts in a batch|
|todo||A simple "todo list" shell script||didit||Simple shell script, used with “todo” script|
|didit2||Shell script, used with “todo” script||didit3||Fancy shell script, used with “todo” script|
|pick||interactive selection script||watch||Shows how to write shell and awk scripts|
|suidDemo.tgz||Shows how suid can be used to control access to files||hellotk.pl||A Perl/Tk GUI script (Hello, World)|
|RPMs and Other Packages|
|recode.rpm||A package that easily converts files between DOS and Unix||PerlTk.rpm||A package that adds a GUI module to Perl. (Original package name: PerlTk-8.15-1.i386.rpm.)|
|gcal.tgz||A tar-ball (compressed tar archive) of the gcal-3.01 package (from www.gnu.org)||Andalemo.TTF||The Andale Mono TrueType font|
|webmin.tgz||A tar-ball of a generic GUI system admin package||xchomp.rpm||A small Pac-man clone|
|alien||The alien package converter, with all required packages and directions for Fedora, including a sample Debian package to convert||apt for Fedora Core||Apt is an obsolete alternative package management system for Fedora, found at FreshRPMs.net|
|www.sunfreeware.com/||A popular site for various Solaris software (and ports of Gnu)||openCSW.org||Community SoftWare packages (formally hosted at Blastwave.org), installed with pkg-get|